Absorption: The property which causes paper to take up liquids or vapors in contact with it.
Accordion Fold: Term used for two or more parallel folds which open like an accordion.
Against the grain: Folding or feeding paper at right angles to the grain direction of the paper.
Art: All illustration copy used in preparing a job for printing.
Backing up: Printing the reverse side of a sheet already printed on one side.
Basis Weight: The weight in pounds of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to a given standard size for that grade. For example, 500 sheets 25 x 38 in. of 50-lb. book paper weighs fifty (50) pounds.
Bitmap: The electronic representation of a page, indicating the position of every possible spot (zero/ one).
Blanket: A rubber-surfaced fabric, which is clamped around a cylinder, to which the image is transferred from the plate, and from which it is transferred to the paper.
Bleed: An extra amount of printed image which extends beyond the trim edge of the sheet or page.
Blind embossing: A design, which is stamped without metallic leaf or ink, giving a bas-relief effect.
Bond paper: A grade of writing or printing paper where strength, durability and permanence are essential requirements; commonly used for letterheads, business forms, etc.
Burn: A common term used for a plate exposure.
Camera-ready: Copy which is ready for photography.
Cast coated: Coated paper dried under pressure against a polished cylinder to produce a high-gloss enamel finish.
CD-Rom: Acronym for Compact Disc-Read-Only-Memory. A CD-ROM drive used the CD format as a computer storage medium.
CMYK: Acronym for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black subtractive primary colors. Printing colors for process color reproduction.
Coated paper: Paper having a surface coating which produces a smooth finish. Surfaces vary from eggshell to glossy.
Collate: The gathering of sheets or signatures.
Color correction: Any method such as masking, dot-etching, re-etching and scanning, used to improve color rendition.
Color separation: The process of separating color originals into primary printing color components in negative or positive form.
Crop: To eliminate portions of copy, usually on a photograph or plate, indicated on the original as cropmarks.
CTP: Acronym for computer-to-plate.
Cyan: Hue of a subtractive primary and a 4-color process ink. It reflects or transmits blue and green light and absorbs red light.
Density: The degree of darkness (light absorption or opacity) of a photographic image.
Die-cutting: The process of using sharp, steel rules to cut specials shapes from printed sheets.
Digital color proof: An off-press color proof produced from digital data without the need for separation films.
Dot: The individual element of a halftone.
Dot gain: A defect in which dots print larger than they should, causing darker tones or stronger colors.
Dummy: A preliminary layout showing the position of illustrations and text as they are to appear in the final reproduction. A set of blank pages made up in advance to show the size, shape, form and general style of a piece of printing.
Duotone: A term for a two-color halftone reproduction from a one-color photograph.
Emulsion side: The side of the film coated with the silver halide emulsion.
Enamel: A term applied to coated paper or to a coating material on a paper.
Folio: The page number
Font: A complete assortment of letters, numbers, punctuation marks, etc. of a given size and design.
Format: The size, style, type page, margins, printing requirements, etc. of a printed piece.
Grain: The direction in which most fibers lie which corresponds with the direction the paper is made on a paper machine.
Gray scale: A strip of standard gray tones, ranging from white to black, placed at the side of original copy during photography to measure tonal range and contrast obtained.
Gripper edge: The leading edge of paper as it passes through the printing press. Also, the front edge of a lithographic or wraparound plate that is secure to front clamp of plate cylinders.
Gripper margin: Unprintable bland edge of paper on which grippers bear, usually or less.
Gutter: The blank space or inner margin from printing area to binding
Halftone: The reproduction of continuous-tone images, through a screening process, which converts the image into dots of various sizes and equal spacing between centers.
Hard copy: The permanent visual record of the output of a computer or printer. Also, the material sent in typed form for conversion into typeset material.
Hickey: Spot or imperfection in the printing due to various conditions, including: dirt on the press, dried ink skin, paper particles, etc.
Hue: The main attribute of a color which distinguishes it from other colors.
Lamination: A plastic film bonded by heat and pressure to a printed sheet for protection or enhanced appearance.
Layout: The drawing or sketch of the proposed printed piece.
Magenta: Hue of a subtractive primary and a 4-color process ink. It reflects or transmits blue and red light and absorbs green light.
Makeready: All work done to set up a press for printing.
Matte Finish: Dull paper finish without gloss or luster.
Positive: Film containing an image in which the dark and light values are the same as the original.
Register: Fitting of two or more printing images in exact alignment with each other.
Resolution: The quantification of printout quality using the number of spots per inch.
RGB: Red, Green, Blue – additive primary colors.
Right-angle fold: A term used for two or more folds that are at 90æ angles to each other.
Score: To impress or indent a mark with a string or rule in the paper to make folding easier.
Self-cover: A cover of the same paper as inside text pages.
Sheetwise: To print one side of a sheet of paper with one plate, then turn the sheet over and print the other side with another plate using same gripper and opposite side guide.
Signature: The name given to a printed sheet after it has been folded.
Spiral binding: A book bound with wires in spiral form inserted through holes and punched along the binding side.
Stock: Paper or other material to be printed.
Text: The body matter of a page or book, as distinguished from the headings.
Vellum finish: A toothy finish which is relatively absorbent for fast ink penetration.
With the grain: Folding or feeding paper into a press parallel to the grain of the paper.
Work and turn: To print one side of a sheet of paper, then turn it over from left to right and print the second side using the same gripper and plate, but opposite side guide.
Wove paper: Paper having a uniform unlined surface and a soft, smooth finish.